Edited by: Sarah Parker, Small Arms Survey

Abstract: Many of the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT’s) provisions demand action by states parties at the national level. States parties need to exercise control over all transfers of conventional arms that are covered by the Treaty and that fall within their jurisdiction; implement an effective national control regime to authorize or deny proposed transfers, particularly exports; and adopt legislative or other measures to give effect to and enforce the Treaty’s provisions at the national level. Some states already have such a regime and associated measures in place, yet many do not. This Guide aims to help states understand how the provisions of the ATT are to be interpreted and applied in practice. It explains legal concepts in straightforward language and directs readers to further resources.

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Source: Small Arms Survey Issue Brief. Number 17

Date: March 2016

Summary: The study by Small Arms Survey focuses on trafficking from the United States because of the ready availability of detailed documentation on criminal cases tried in US courts, including cases of arms trafficking. The cases studied describe the activities of more than 400 individuals accused of illegally shipping small arms and light weapons, their parts, accessories, or ammunition to at least 46 countries or foreign territories on 6 continents. More than half of the cases involved trafficking to Mexico.

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By: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) Study on Firearms employs a pioneering data-focused approach to the study of trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition. Based on information from 45 countries, it examines the quantities and types of firearms seized in different regions, the routes and methods used in the trafficking of firearms and other offences associated with reported seizures. 

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Title: U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) Report to Congressional Requesters. Fire Trafficking. U.S. Efforts to Combat Firearms Trafficking to Mexico Have Improved, but Some Collaboration Challenges Remain

Date: January 2016

Summary: Violent crimes committed by drug trafficking organizations in Mexico often involve firearms, and a 2009 GAO report found that many of these firearms originated in the United States. ATF and ICE have sought to stem firearms trafficking from the United States to Mexico. GAO was asked to undertake a follow- up review to its 2009 report addressing these issues. This report examines, among other things:

(1) the origin of firearms seized in Mexico that have been traced by Department of Justice’s Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF)

(2) the extent to which collaboration among U.S. agencies combating firearms trafficking has improved

(3) the extent to which the National Southwest Border Counternarcotics Strategy measures progress by U.S. agencies to stem firearms trafficking to Mexico. To address these objectives, GAO analyzed program information and firearms tracing data from 2009 to 2014, and met with U.S. and Mexican officials on both sides of the border.

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Por: José de Jesús González Rodríguez. Centro de Estudios Sociales y de Opinión Pública.

Resumen: La producción y el comercio legal de armas, siempre corre en vías paralelas con los hechos ilícitos que se derivan de tales actividades y que dan lugar a la compra-venta y al trasiego subrepticio de armamento y sus accesorios. La existencia de mercados demandantes cada vez más amplios y el creciente surgimiento de crisis políticas, movimientos separatistas, guerrillas, organizaciones delincuenciales de corte trasnacional y regímenes autoritarios o policiacos, ocasionan que el mercado de armas sea una actividad cada vez más boyante y carente de escrúpulos.

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