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pdf China’s Other Army: The People’s Armed Police in an Era of Reform Popular

Por Etiquetado en Novedades, septiembre2019 503 descargas

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China-other-Army.pdf

China’s Other Army: The People’s Armed Police in an Era of Reform

Título completo: CHINA STRATEGIC PERSPECTIVES 14  - China’s Other Army: The People’s Armed Police in an Era of Reform

Autor: Joel Wuthnow

Fecha de publicación: Abril 2019

Institución participante: Institute for National Strategic Studies Strategic Perspectives

Fragmento original: Executive Summary

China’s premier paramilitary force—the People’s Armed Police (PAP)—is undergoing its most profound restructuring since its establishment in 1982.

  • Previously under dual civilian and military command, the PAP has been placed firmly under China’s military. As chairman of the Central Military Commission, Xi Jinping now has direct control over all of China’s primary instruments of coercive power. This represents the highest degree of centralized control over China’s paramilitary forces since the Cultural Revolution.
  • Local and provincial officials have lost the ability to unilaterally deploy PAP units in the event of civil unrest or natural disasters, but can still request support through a new coordination system.
  • The China Coast Guard, which previously reported to civilian agencies, has been placed within the PAP and is thus now part of the military command structure.

pdf Between Russia and Iran: Room to Pursue American Interests in Syria Popular

Por Etiquetado en Novedades, septiembre2019 374 descargas

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Between-Russia-and-Iran.pdf

Between Russia and Iran: Room to Pursue American Interests in Syria

Título completo: STRATEGIC PERSPECTIVES 27 - Between Russia and Iran: Room to Pursue American Interests in Syria

Autor: John W. Parker

Fecha de publicación: Enero 2019

Institución participante: Institute for National Strategic Studies Strategic Perspectives

Fragmento original: Executive Summary
President Donald Trump has underscored containing Iran’s sway as a key element in establishing a “strong and lasting footprint” in Syria as the United States moves toward bringing its Soldiers home. In pursuing this key American objective, this paper recommends that Washington take advantage of the “daylight” between Russia and Iran, and that it be American policy at all levels to work to expand it. This long-existing “daylight” was underscored in 2018 by calls in Moscow for Iran to withdraw its forces from some or all of Syria, and by Putin’s positive regard at the summit in Helsinki with President Trump for Israel’s security requirements.

Russian acquiescence to U.S. and Israeli strikes against Iranian-associated and other forces in Syria reinforces the conclusion that backing a dominant Iran is not one of President Vladimir Putin’s priorities. However, while he will not forcefully oppose the United States and Israel constraining Tehran, Putin will resist pressure to break totally with Iran and with the proxies Iran bankrolls and trains to fight in Syria. In addition, Russia’s leverage on Iranian military and political activities in Syria is limited.

pdf Trends in international law for cyberspace Popular

Por Etiquetado en agosto2019, Novedades 435 descargas

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Trends-In-International-Law-of-CyberSpace.pdf

Trends in international law for cyberspace

Título completo: Trends in international law for cyberspace

Fecha de publicación: Mayo 2019

Institución participante: CCDCOE

Fragmento original: About this paper
This paper is a collaborative view of the NATO CCDCOE Law Branch experts, demarcating the latest trends in international law and envisioning their evolution over the next few years. It is an independent product of the CCDCOE and does not represent the official policy or position of NATO or any of its Sponsoring Nations.

We do not assert this to be a complete catalogue of trends, neither is the list presented in any particular order. Also, while we have made every effort to describe globally relevant legal developments, we acknowledge that the list stems from a Euro-Atlantic geopolitical perspective, and that the division between political developments and trends in law is not always clear-cut. 

pdf Revista de Relaciones Internacionales, Estrategia y Seguridad Popular

Por Etiquetado en agosto2019, Novedades 602 descargas

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Revista-RIES-Vol-13.pdf

Revista de Relaciones Internacionales, Estrategia y Seguridad

Título completo: Revista de Relaciones Internacionales, Estrategia y Seguridad

Fecha de publicación: 2018

Institución participante: Universidad Militar Nueva Granada

Fragmento original: En esta edición el lector encontrará diez artículos distribuidos en dos secciones temáticas: Cooperación e integración internacional asimétrica en asuntos de seguridad, estrategia y comercio y Cultura global en relaciones internacionales. 

pdf Por una reducción de violencia fuera de contextos bélicos Popular

Por Etiquetado en agosto2019, Novedades 402 descargas

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Por-reducción-de-violencia-fuera-de-contextos-belicos.pdf

Por una reducción de violencia fuera de contextos bélicos

Título completo: Por una reducción de violencia fuera de contextos bélicos

Autor: Sergio Maydeu-Olivares

Fecha de publicación: 28 de abril, 2019

Institución participante: Instituto Catalán Internacional para la Paz, ICIP 

Fragmento original: En los últimos 20 años, los altos niveles de violencia y criminalidad se han convertido en un problema de gran relevancia en varios países de América Latina, condicionando de manera significativa su desarrollo. El riesgo de una cronificación de esta situación pone en evidencia la necesidad de evaluar las estrategias de reducción de la violencia desplegadas, conocer qué respuestas se están dando desde la ciudadanía, así como medir el impacto que está teniendo esta cronificación de la violencia en la infancia y la juventud, dos de los colectivos más afec- tados por esta situación.

pdf Defender los derechos humanos en México: ¿El fin de la impunidad? Popular

Por Etiquetado en agosto2019, Novedades 540 descargas

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Defender-derechos-humanos-en-mexico-Informe 2018.pdf

Defender los derechos humanos en México: ¿El fin de la impunidad?

Título completo: Defender los derechos humanos en México: ¿El fin de la impunidad? - Informe junio de 2018 a mayo de 2019 

Fecha de publicación: 2019

Institución participante: Acción Urgente para Defensores de Derechos Humanos, AC., ACUDDEH y Comité Cerezo México

Fragmento original: EL PRESENTE INFORME REFLEJA, POR MEDIO DE CIFRAS, las violaciones de derechos humanos que fueron cometidas por el Estado mexicano en contra de las personas defensoras de los derechos humanos durante el periodo que va del 01 de junio de 2018 al 31 de mayo de 2019. Esto quiere decir que da cuenta de las cifras de personas, organizaciones y comunidades que, por ejercer o defen - der uno o varios derechos humanos, fueron agredidas durante los últimos seis meses del gobierno de EPN y en los primeros seis meses del gobierno de AMLO. Las violaciones documentadas en este informe son la ejecución extra - judicial, la desaparición forzada, la detención arbitraria, y las amenazas, hostiga miento y ataques físicos en contra de las personas defensoras de los derechos humanos.

pdf Global Study on Homicide Popular

Por Etiquetado en agosto2019, Novedades 614 descargas

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GlobalStudyonHomicide.pdf

Global Study on Homicide

Título completo: Global Study on Homicide - Executive Summary 

Fecha de publicación: julio 2019

Institución participante: UNODC United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

Fragmento original: PREFACE

The Global Study on Homicide is a search for solutions. By bringing together the available data, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime seeks to shed light on different phenomena, from lethal gang violence and the role of firearms to links with inequalities and gender-related killings, and in this way support targeted action. I hope that the research and analysis contained in the study are used in this spirit – not to designate “murder capitals” but to learn, understand and strengthen prevention.

Criminal activity is responsible for many more deaths worldwide than armed conflict and terrorism combined. Unless the international community takes decisive steps, targets under Sustainable Development Goal 16 to significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates by 2030 will not be met.

pdf Cryptocurrency Anti-Money Laundering Report, 2019 Q2 Popular

Por Etiquetado en agosto2019, Novedades 466 descargas

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Cryptocurrency-Anti-Money-Laundering-Report-2019.pdf

Cryptocurrency Anti-Money Laundering Report, 2019 Q2

Título completo: Cryptocurrency Anti-Money Laundering Report, 2019 Q2

Fecha de publicación: Julio 2019

Institución participante: CipherTrace

Fragmento original: Several trends continued or accelerated in the second quarter of 2019. Outright thefts as well as scams and other misappropriation of funds from cryptocurrency users and exchanges continued apace, netting criminals and fraudsters approximately $4.26 billion in aggregate for 2019. Insider thefts were by far the largest offenders, inflecting massive losses on investors and exchange users. 2019 could also turn out to be the year of the exit scam. On top of the QuadrigaCX disaster, which is updated in this report, one alleged Ponzi scheme in this quarter appears to have defrauded millions of users out of $2.9 billion in crypto assets. Other exit scams, such as Coinroom and Bitsane, are still under investigation and those losses are not included and this report’s total.

pdf The Global Risks Report 2019 14th Edition Popular

Por Etiquetado en julio2019, Novedades 461 descargas

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WEF_Global_Risks_Report_2019.pdf

The Global Risks Report 2019 14th Edition

Título completo: The Global Risks Report 2019 14th Edition

Fecha de publicación: 2019

Institución participante: World Economic Forum

Fragmento original: The information in this report, or on which this report is based, has been obtained from sources that the authors believe to be reliable and accurate. However, it has not been independently verified and no representation or warranty, express or implied, is made as to the accuracy or completeness of any information obtained from third parties. In addition, the statements in this report may provide current expectations of future events based on certain assumptions and include any statement that does not directly relate to a historical fact or a current fact. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which are not exhaustive. The companies contributing to this report operate in a continually changing environment and new risks emerge continually. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these statements. The companies contributing to this report undertake no obligation to publicly revise or update any statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise and they shall in no event be liable for any loss or damage arising in connection with the use of the information in this report.

pdf Operationalizing Cyberspace as a Military Domain Popular

Por Etiquetado en julio2019, Novedades 467 descargas

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RAND_Cyberespace-military-domain.pdf

Operationalizing Cyberspace as a Military Domain

Título completo: Operationalizing Cyberspace as a Military Domain: Lessons for NATO

Autor: Lillian Ablon, Anika Binnendijk, Quentin E. Hodgson, Bilyana Lilly, Sasha Romanosky, David Senty, Julia A. Thompson 

Fecha de publicación: Junio 2019

Institución participante: RAND International

Fragmento original: Defense of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in cyberspace requires an understanding of the threats the alliance must face, knowing where it must act, and ensuring that the alliance has the capabilities and capacity available to successfully defend itself. Since the end of the Cold War, NATO has expanded its reach not only in terms of membership and partners, but also in terms of its operations. As a globally engaged organization, NATO must be prepared to address cyber threats that emanate from anywhere in the world. Truly integrating cyber operations into the alliance requires broadly educating the members of the alliance on operations in cyberspace; cyber operational planning, training, and exercises to create the “muscle memory” necessary; and rigorously assessing lessons learned as they emerge.