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pdf Testimony of Joy Olson before the House Appropriations Committee Popular

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Testimony-Joy-Olson-on-the-Merida-Intiative.pdf

Testimony of Joy Olson before the House Appropriations Committee

By: Joy Olson, Directora Ejecutiva del Washington Office on Latin America on the Merida Initiative.

Date: March 10, 2009.

Joy Olson, directora ejecutiva de la Oficina de Washington para América Latina (WOLA), rindió testimonio el pasado 10 de marzo sobre la Iniciativa Mérida ante el Subcomité de apropiaciones sobre el Departamento de Estado, operaciones en el Exterior y programas asociados de la Cámara de Representantes de Estados Unidos. En su testimonio Olson expresó tres formas en que Estados Unidos podría enfrentar el tráfico de drogas y la violencia: mayores esfuerzos en reducir la demanda de drogas en Estados Unidos, combate al flujo de armas y dinero ilícito hacia México y apoyo a las reformas institucionales en los sistemas judiciales y de policía en México. 

pdf Security in Mexico: Implications for U.S. Policy Options Popular

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Securit-in-Mexico-Implications-for-U.S.-Policy-Options.pdf

Security in Mexico: Implications for U.S. Policy Options

By: Agnes Gereben Schaefer, Benjamin Bahney, K. Jack Riley, RAND Corporation, 2009.

Summary: The security structure in Mexico is characterized by shifting responsibilities, duplication of services, and general instability, along with a lack of coordination among federal, state, and local security forces. The backdrop of a deteriorating security situation in Mexico and change in administration in the United States demands a closer examination of potential priorities and policy options to guide future U.S.-Mexico relations. U.S. aid to Mexico has typically focused on a narrow set of outputs — improved technology, training, and equipment to prevent drug trafficking. Despite these efforts, Mexico's security situation continues to deteriorate. 

pdf Secretary of Stat Hillary Rodham Clinton Congressional Testimony House Foreign Affairs Committee Popular

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Secretary-of-Stat-Hillary-Rodham-Clinton-Congressional-Testimony-House-Foreign-Affairs-Committee.pdf

Secretary of Stat Hillary Rodham Clinton Congressional Testimony House Foreign Affairs Committee

Title: Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton Congressional Testimony House Foreign Affairs Committee.

Date: 22 de abril, 2009 

pdf Press Release: WOLA Sees Shortcomings Popular

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Press-Release-WOLA-Sees-Shortcomings.pdf

Press Release: WOLA Sees Shortcomings

Title: WOLA Sees Shortcomings and Questions Priorities in Mérida Plan

By: Washington Office in Latin America (WOLA)

Summary: The U.S. Senate has approved $400 million to help Mexico fight drug-related violence, sending the bill to President Bush for his signature. Known as the Mérida Initiative, the package includes a further $65 million in security aid to be divided among seven countries of Central America plus Haiti and the Dominican Republic. WOLA today applauds the recognition, implicit in the plan, that Mexico and the United States share responsibility for addressing drug trafficking and violence. But WOLA finds serious shortcoming in the plan's specifics.

default Plan Mérida: "poca transparencia" Popular

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Plan Mérida: "poca transparencia"

Autor: Lourdes Heredia 

Fecha: 25 de octubre de 2007

Resumen: Varios miembros del Congreso de EE.UU., órgano que tiene la palabra final sobre la "Iniciativa Mérida", se quejaron este jueves por la poca transparencia de la administración Bush en la planificación del proyecto.

pdf Mexico's Narco-Insurgency and U.S. Counterdrug Policy Popular

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Mexico-Narco-Insurgency-and-U-S-Counterdrug-Policy.pdf

Mexico's Narco-Insurgency and U.S. Counterdrug Policy

By: Hal Brands, Strategic Studies Institute, mayo, 2009.

Sinopsis original: In late 2007, the U.S. and Mexican governments unveiled the Merida Initiative. A 3-year, $1.4 billion counternarcotics assistance program, the Merida Initiative is designed to combat the drug-fueled violence that has ravaged Mexico of late. The initiative aims to strengthen the Mexican police and military, permitting them to take the offensive in the fight against Mexico’s powerful cartels. These problems, ranging from official corruption to U.S. domestic drug consumption, have so far frustrated Mexican attempts to rein in the cartels, and will likely hinder the effectiveness of the Merida Initiative as well. To make U.S. counternarcotics policy fully effective, it will be imperative to forge a more holistic, better-integrated approach to the “war on drugs.”

default Mexico Plan Adds Police to Take On Drug Cartels Popular

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Mexico Plan Adds Police to Take On Drug Cartels

Autor: Manuel Roig-Franzia

Fuente: Washington Post, 11 de julio de 2008.

Fragmento del original: The Mexican government plans to nearly double the size of its federal police force in order to reduce the role of the military in combating drug trafficking, under a confidential anti-narcotics strategy that officials made available Thursday. 

The plan, known as the Comprehensive Strategy Against Drug Trafficking, also involves purging local police forces of corrupt officers and initiating social measures -- such as improving safety in public spaces -- designed to improve public confidence in government agencies tainted by corruption.  

default México no se colombianiza Popular

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México no se colombianiza

Autor: Hernando Salazar  

Fecha: 9 de agosto de 2007 

Resumen: Muchas personas se preguntan si México se está "colombianizando" a raíz de la violencia desatada por los carteles de las drogas.

pdf Merida Initiative: Proposed U.S. Anticrime and Counterdrug Assistance for Mexico and Central America Popular

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Merida-Initiative-Proposed-U-S-Anticrime-and-Counterdrug-Assistance-Mexic-and-Central-America.pdf

Merida Initiative: Proposed U.S. Anticrime and Counterdrug Assistance for Mexico and Central America

Autores: Colleen W. Cook, Rebecca G. Rush, and Clare Ribando Seelke

Fecha: 18 de marzo de 2008

Resumen original: Increasing violence perpetrated by drug cartels, youth gangs, and other criminal groups is threatening citizen security and democracy in Mexico and Central America. Mexican and Central American government efforts to combat drug trafficking and organized crime have been hindered by inadequate resources, corruption, and weak judicial systems. On October 22, 2007, the United States and Mexico issued a joint statement announcing the Mérida Initiative, a multi-year plan for U.S. assistance to Mexico and Central America aimed at helping those governments combat drug trafficking and other criminal organizations. The Administration requested $500 million for Mexico and $50 million for Central America in the FY2008 supplemental appropriations request. To date, there is no legislative vehicle for the funding request. 

pdf Iniciativa Mérida en español, extractos. Traducción cortesía de WOLA Popular

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Iniciativa_Merida_Extractos.pdf

Iniciativa Mérida en español, extractos. Traducción cortesía de WOLA

H.R.2642

Contenido: Ley de Asignaciones Complementarías del 2008 (Inscrito como Acordado o Aprobado por la Cámara de Representantes y el Senado de los Estados Unidos)

  • ASISTENCIA ECONÓMICA BILATERAL FONDO DE APOYO ECONÓMICO (ESF)
  • OTRAS FORMAS DE ASISTENCIA ECONÓMICA BILATERAL FONDO DE APOYO ECONÓMICO (ESF)
  • ASUNTOS INTERNACIONALES DE NARCÓTICOS Y APLICACIÓN DE LA LEY
  • ASISTENCIA MILITAR FONDOS ASIGNADOS AL PRESIDENTE
  • PROGRAMA DE FINANCIAMIENTO A FUERZAS MILITARES EXTRANJERAS (FMF)

Nota: Esta traducción comprende únicamente las secciones de la Ley pertinentes a México. Esta traducción fue elaborada por la Oficina en Washington para Asuntos Latinoamericanos (WOLA). El texto completo de la Ley en inglés puede ser adquirido en la página de Internet del Congreso:.